EVMS Ear, Nose & Throat Surgeons

Types of allergic reactions

There are a wide range of allergic reactions depending on the type of allergy and how it is absorbed in the body. 


Seasonal allergic rhinitis (hay fever) is caused by an allergy to the pollen of trees, grasses, or weeds. The multiple and high pollen count in Hampton Roads contributes to a higher incidence of seasonal allergic rhinitis. Symptoms are sneezing, itching and watery eyes, runny nose, burning palate and throat. Seasonal allergies can develop into or trigger asthma. Allergic rhinitis refers generally to symptoms of nasal congestion, sneezing and runny nose due to allergies. Patients with constant nasal symptoms should consult their physician.


Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a non-contagious, itchy rash that often occurs on the hands, arms, legs and neck, although it can cover the entire body.


Contact dermatitis is a reaction affecting the areas of the skin which become red, itchy and inflamed after contact with allergens such as plants, cosmetics, medications, metals and chemicals.


Hives are red, itchy, swollen areas of the skin that vary in size and appear anywhere on the body. About 25% of Americans will experience an episode of hives at least once in their lives.