Clinical Rotations

To be determined.

Course Sequence

All course IDs are proposed as of February 2021.

Semester 1 - Fall

  • HTL 500: Intro to Anatomical & Histological Laboratories (2 credits, 30 contact hours)
  • HTL 501: Medical Ethics - online component (2 credits, 30 contact hours)
  • HTL 504: Anatomical Foundations (5 credits, 110 contact hours)
  • HTL 512: Histotechnology I (2 credits, 30 contact hours)
  • HTL 513: Histology For Health Professions (2 credits, 30 contact hours)
  • HTL 517: Laboratory Methods in Histotechnology (3 credits, 60 contact hours)

Total Fall Credits: 16 credits, 290 contact hours

Semester 2 - Spring

  • HTL 514: Pathology & Histological Terminology - online (2 credits, 30 contact hours)
  • HTL 600: Clinical Clerkship Histotechnology Practicum 1 (3 credits, 256 contact hours)
  • HTL 518: Special Histologic Staining Methods Lab Practicum (2 credits, 60 contact hours)
  • HTL 510: Pathophysiology (4 credits, 60 contact hours)
  • HTL 519: Advanced Lab Methods in Histology and Pathology (3 credits, 70 contact hours)
  • HTL 604: Lab Management Univ. Cert Program - online (2 credits, 60 contact hours)
  • HTL 602: Practicum in Clinical Research Techniques (2 credits, 60 contact hours)

Total Spring Credits: 18 credits, 280/316* contact hours

* The 316 is the total clinical hours between HTL 600 and HTL 602

Semester 3 - Summer

  • HTL 603: Clinical Clerkship Histotechnology Practicum 2 (4 credits, 320 contact hours)
  • HTL 601: ASCP Leadership Course - online (2 credits, 60 contact hours)
  • HTL 608: ASCP Certification Exam Prep (3 credits, 60 contact hours)

Total Summer Credits: 9 credits, 120/320* contact hours

* The 320 is the clinical hours for HTL 603.

Total Program Credits: 43 credits, 690 contact hours, 636 clinical hours


Course descriptions

Fall Semester:

Intro to Anatomical & Histological Laboratories HTL 500 (2 credit hour)  

This course serves as an introduction to laboratory environments commonly seen in the practice of pathology and histotechnology and fulfills training requirements necessary for continued study in the Histotechnology Program.  Training will address blood-borne pathogen safety, laboratory safety, and handling of biohazardous materials and waste.  Proper use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and laboratory regulations of the College of American Pathologists (CAP), OSHA, and the Joint Commission will also be addressed.  Training in human subjects’ research regulations and requirements (via CITI training) will also be a component of this course.  As a requirement for completion of this course, students will attain a 2-year certification (by the American Heart Association) in Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers (BLS-P).  This course will also serve as an introduction to the functional, operational, and administrative aspects of laboratories including the histotechnology laboratory and surgical pathology suite.

Medical Ethics (online component) HTL 501 (2 credit hours)                       

This is a hybrid course having both an online component and face-to-face classroom discussions.  The course was developed by Edx Inc., in collaboration with the faculty of Georgetown University, Kennedy Institute of Ethics.  The course content and videos are equivalent to the (PHLX101-03X) course offered at Georgetown University.  The in-house utilization of the course has supplemental features that include periodic interactive face-to-face classroom discussions on selected topics and themes.  These discussions, conducted either as Blackboard postings or as classroom exchanges, personalize the course content.  The course presents five major themes of bioethics and each of the five major themes is highlighted by a classroom discussion on the topic.  Each week, a new unit will become available to the students either online or via Blackboard.  Presented in this course are the following themes: Autonomy, bioethics and the human body, bioethics as it pertains to the beginning and end of life, and bioethics that have a global impact. 

Anatomical Foundations HTL 504 (5 credit hours)            

The course is divided into 4 modular units of learning which include: back & upper extremities; head and neck; thorax & abdomen; pelvis & lower extremity. This course affords the student a coherent, sequential approach to the study of human anatomy at the gross level with applied clinical relationships. The general objective is for the experience of a visual concept of the human body to relate this to future professional settings. This experience is extrapolated by way of a virtual lab providing the student with the anatomical basis for understanding and appreciating the variations and complexities of the human body.  Students should be able to demonstrate to each other all the different normal structures detailed in the student learning objectives for specific modules. Students should be able to integrate materials in a particular module to talk about clinical/surgical functions. These objectives are evaluated by clinical scenario types of questions on exams.

Histotechnology I HTL 512 (2 credit hours)          

This course focuses on the laboratory skills required to function in a clinical or research histology facility including specimen acquisition and fixation, tissue processing, embedding, sectioning, and staining.  Paraffin based techniques with H&E/special stains are introduced.  Essential laboratory calculations and problem-solving approaches are presented.  The student is expected to gain experience in cryomicrotomy (frozen section) and microtomy.  The student is introduced to the fundamental principles and mechanical steps of immunohistochemistry.  Chemical and environmental safety issues are covered in depth and emphasized.  Proper record-keeping practices including quality control and quality assurance requirements are also reinforced.  Responsible lab management procedures are emphasized including essential inventory control concerns, as well as instrumentation, care, quality assurance and maintenance.

Histology for Health Professions HTL 513 (2 credit hours)            

This course provides students with an understanding of the normal architecture of cells and an opportunity to gain an appreciation of how cellular components specialize to form primary tissues, and how these tissues give rise to organs and organ systems. The course allows for the evaluation of the structure-function relationships in normal cells, tissues, and organs.  Students will acquire morphological pattern recognition and cell/tissue/organ identification skills at the light microscopic level and to a lesser extent at the electron microscope level through a lecture-lab combination, systems-based approach.  Students will be introduced to proper use of a light microscope and essentials of microscopy. Utilizing light microscopes in a laboratory setting and on-line tutorials to recognize the morphology of structures, students will relate these structures to their function.

Laboratory Methods in Histotechnology HTL 517 (3 credit hours)

This course focuses on essential laboratory skills and prepares the student to obtain working knowledge of trouble-shooting skills and to develop skills for quality assurance and management. Topics such as grossing of small samples and specimen orientation are emphasized.  Students develop the necessary skills to oversee the budget management and inventory maintenance of a histology laboratory.  Problem-solving skills are augmented by learning techniques in slide refurbishing and repairs.   

Spring Semester:

Pathology & Histological Terminology (online) HTL 514 (2 credit hours)

This is an interactive online and self-paced guided course conducted using Quizlet.  The course provides the student with an extensive vocabulary building set of exercises in pathology as well as histology terminology.  The course is constructed with multiple sets of self-educational exercises that instruct the student in:  General rules governing medical nomenclature, general rules pertaining to plurality and pronunciation, exposes students to common medical, pathological and histological terminology, presents prefixes and suffixes of commonly used terms, covers the AAPA suggested list of medical terms derived from the Robbins Pathology textbook and terminology employed in the Histotechnology: A Self-Instructional Textbook.

Clinical Clerkship Histotechnology Practicum 1 HTL 600 (3 credit hours)

This course is the first Supervised Clinical Practice (SCP) component of the EVMS Histotechnology Program.  This course consists of immersive clinical experiences in histology and histotechnology disciplines.  Students will function under the direct supervision and guidance of site preceptors (Pathologists, Histotechnologists, or other appropriate laboratory professionals). These rotations include experiences in tissue processing, embedding, staining, immunohistochemistry, laboratory instrumentation and exposure to the dynamics of laboratory management.  The settings for these experiences could include local hospitals, community hospitals, larger private hospital complexes, and academic medical centers.  Students will apply the knowledge and the skills developed in previous didactical courses to develop skills necessary for clinical practice.  This course will introduce the student to the demands of the working environment and the expectations of a practicing Histotechnologist.

Special Histologic Staining Methods Lab Practicum HTL 518 (2 credit hours)

The course highlights theory and protocols on special staining techniques for histopathology. 

The student develops theoretical and functional knowledge for preparation of tissue with various methods of fixation with an understanding of the characteristics of certain agents.  Methods for decalcification and chelating agents are presented with procedures to determine proper endpoint.  Laboratory practicum on the processing of tissue including dehydrating, clearing, impregnating, and embedding are conducted.  Preparation of sections and developing microtomy skills are integral components of the laboratory practicum.  Routine and special staining techniques and protocols are taught in detail and include methods for connective tissue, cytoplasmic granules, hematologic and nuclear elements, fats and lipids, carbohydrates and mucoproteins, pigments and minerals, nerve cells and neuronal fibers.  

Pathophysiology PATH 510 (4 credit hours)

A study of the cellular, organ and system changes associated with human disease processes and the physiologic responses associated with selected human pathologies.  The course introduces students to clinical medicine by reviewing the pathophysiologic basis of the symptoms and signs of prevalent diseases.

Advanced Lab Methods in Histology and Pathology HTL 519 (3 credit hours)

The techniques described and discussed are procedures in immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization.  Preparatory techniques for quantitative staining methods, enzyme histochemistry, and preparatory methods in cytopathology are stressed.  The methods are taught in detail with conceptual principles of the technique and background material presented for each topic.  Various methods for antigen detection are presented including avidin-biotin complex (ABC), peroxidase-antiperoxidase method and chromagen alternatives. Interpretation of results and problem-solving approaches are presented along with aids for troubleshooting.  Antibody selection and quality control elements are discussed.  Specialty enzymatic reaction stains, tissue preparation protocols, and direct smears for cytology are covered.

Lab Management University Certificate Program HTL 604 (online) (2 credit hours)

This course uses the Lab Management University (LMU) self-paced online certificate program that improves competencies in laboratory management.  It will teach the student practical, day-to-day skills needed to function successfully in a laboratory environment.  All core concepts of laboratory management are introduced.  The Fundamentals Certificate of Completion in Laboratory Management is awarded on completion of 25 courses across six core competencies: Leadership, Personnel Management, Operations, Financial Management, Informatics, and Compliance.  Students select and complete 25 courses under the Fundamentals program at their own pace, receiving their Certificate of Completion in Laboratory Management upon successful completion. The certificate, however, is not a requirement for graduation from the program.

Practicum in Clinical Research Techniques HTL 602 (2 credit hours)

The student will develop working knowledge of laboratory techniques that are prevalent in a clinical research environment.  The student will develop working knowledge of flow cytometry principles and methods for specimen preparation.  Fundamentals of cell culture aseptic techniques, including primary cell isolation from tissue or propagation of established cell line will be covered. Principles of microscopy and photo-documentation of micrographs and gross images, introduction to EM and confocal microscopy, laser capture microdissection techniques, and fundamentals of PCR are all included in the practicum.  

Summer Semester:   

Clinical Clerkship Histotechnology Practicum 2 HTL 603 (4 credit hours)

This course is the second Supervised Clinical Practice (SCP) component of the EVMS Histotechnology Program.  This course consists of immersive clinical experiences in the various disciplines where Histotechnologists may serve.  Students will function under the direct supervision and guidance of site preceptors (Pathologists, Histotechnologists, or other appropriate laboratory professionals). These rotations include experiences in tissue processing, embedding, staining, immunohistochemistry, laboratory instrumentation and exposure to the dynamics of laboratory management.  Students will continue to develop and refine the skills and abilities of a practicing Histotechnologist; an emphasis will be placed in functioning with greater autonomy and efficiency.  Students will expand their repertoire of histotechnology skills and perform technical procedures of progressively increasing complexity while exhibiting independence.  Learning objectives addressed in prior courses or clinical rotations will be reinforced and emphasized.  This course will prepare the student to meet the demands of the working environment and expectations of a practicing Histotechnologist. Upon completion of this course, students will be fully competent in all essential duties of a Histotechnologist.

ASCP Leadership Course (online) HTL 601 (2 credits)

Students will hone their leadership skills through 12 online on-demand courses. Through an advanced self-assessment and a self-paced program, participants gain insight into their current viewpoints on leadership topics, identify areas of growth and use the knowledge gained to develop advanced leadership skills. Courses include a pre-course self-assessment to help participants discover insights into their own leadership behavior, styles, and preferences. Participants can download their self-assessment results for future reference. The course covers multiple areas of leadership, including:  Communication skills, self-awareness and feedback, leadership styles, organizational effectiveness, team dynamics, conflict resolution, stress coping skills, diversity, and inclusion. The courses can be taken in any order and all topics build upon each other to give deeper insights into participants’ own leadership styles. Upon completion of the course, participants will receive a Leadership Certificate. The certificate, however, is not a requirement for graduation from the program.  Students are expected to improve their leadership effectiveness through assessing and/or validating current knowledge or skills; acquiring and implementing new knowledge, skills, and techniques; acquiring and utilizing valid and reliable self-assessment tools and materials for self-study, performance assessment, and applying what they learned about their leadership styles, strengths, and growth opportunities.

ASCP Certification Exam Prep HTL 608 (3 credit hours)

This course is designed as a comprehensive review, study guide and self-evaluation tool with the goal of preparation for the American Society for Clinical Pathology Board of Certification (ASCP-BOC) in Histotechnology certification examination.  Students will have access to pre-course and post-course practice examinations and interactive study material.  Appropriate reference texts will be available as well as other review material.  This course will provide the opportunity for students to synthesize material from multiple courses and disciplines to prepare for the national exam.  The course will begin with a pre-course practice test to evaluate individual strengths and weaknesses in preparation of review for the ASCP-BOC Histotechnology Examination.  Students will then be assigned additional study material covering various specific technical areas to include: Fixation, processing, microtomy, staining, and laboratory operations.  Practice examinations will allow the student to track their progress and identify points of weakness.