Applying the New Bloom's Taxonomy
The New Bloom's Taxonomy is a way to define the type of knowledge or skill that is to be learned. Ideally, our students will be learning at the higher levels of the taxonomy, that is, in application, analysis, evaluation, and creation. Use the table below to guide you when you develop objectives. If you want students to perform a particular type of thing (e.g., remember) make sure your learning objectives use the appropriate verbs. In this table, the higher order learning objectives are listed higher in the table. Notice that these types of objectives most closely match the kinds of things physicians will be doing in practice.
Use These Verbs in Your Objectives...
|Creating: Build a cohesive structure from various elements. Synthesize parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure, or adding value.||
||categorize, combine, compile, compose, create, devise, design, explain, generate, modify, organize, plan, rearrange, reconstruct, relate, reorganize, revise, rewrite, summarize, tell, write.|
|Evaluating: Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials.||
||appraise, compare, conclude, contrast, criticize, critique, defend, describe, discriminate, evaluate, explain, interpret, justifie, relate, summarize, support.|
|Analyzing: Separate material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguish between facts and inferences.||
||analyze, break down, compare, contrast, diagram, map, deconstruct, differentiate, discriminate, distinguish, identify, illustrate, infer, outline, relate, select, separate.|
|Applying: Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction. Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the work place.||
||apply, change compute, construct, demonstrate, discover, manipulate, modify, operate, predict, prepare, produce, relate, show, solve, use.|
|Understanding: Comprehending the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions or problems. State a problem in one's own words.||
||convert, defend, distinguish, estimate, explain, extend, generalize, give an example, infer, interpret, paraphrase, predict, rewrite, summarize, translate.|
|Remembering: Recall previously learned information.||
||define, describe, identify, label, list, match, name, outline, recall, recognize, reproduce, select, state.|
Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. R. (Eds.). (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching and assessing: A revision of Bloom's Taxonomy of educational objectives: Complete edition, New York : Longman.