Pathologists' Assistant Program Technical Standards

Technical standards for admission, defined as “physical, cognitive and behavioral abilities required for satisfactory completion of all aspects of the curriculum and for entry into the profession.”

The technical standards for admission establish the expectations and abilities considered essential for students admitted to the EVMS Pathologists’ Assistant (PathA) Program in order to achieve the level of competency required for graduation and competency in the practice for a Pathologists’ Assistant.  Applicants to the program must possess independent ability, aptitude, and skills in the following areas – observation, communication, critical reasoning, motor & sensory functions, and behavioral & social attributes – as outlined below. It is expected that students also have sufficient computer skills and are comfortable with electronic communication and media to successfully and professionally function as a student Pathologists’ Assistant.

Observation Skills Technical Standard

Demonstrate sufficient attention and proficiency in observation skills (visual, auditory, and tactile) in the lecture hall, laboratory, and clinical rotations and setting.

Indicators include but are not limited to the following examples:

1. Accurate observation and participation in the lecture hall, laboratory, and during clinical rotations at affiliated hospitals and other clinical settings.

2. Accurate identification of appropriate pathology in frozen and fixed surgical specimens and gross findings in autopsy cases.

3. Accurate visualization and discrimination of text, numbers, patterns, graphic illustrations, and findings in academic and clinical settings.

Communication Skills Technical Standard 

Demonstrate effective verbal and non-verbal communication skills with other students, faculty, pathologists, surgeons, and other healthcare providers from different social backgrounds, cultural backgrounds, and varying personalities.

Indicators include but are not limited to the following examples:

1. Clear, efficient, and intelligible articulation of English language.

2. Legible, efficient and intelligible written English language.

3. Ability to prepare and communicate concise oral and written summaries of gross surgical specimens and case presentations of autopsy findings.

4. Ability to provide appropriate dictations of gross specimens.

5. Record examination and provide clear, accurate, and precise descriptions of autopsy cases.

Critical Reasoning Skills Technical Standard 

Demonstrate critical reasoning skills required to undertake the full curriculum, achieve the level of competency required by the faculty, and meet the demands of a fully competent Pathologists’ Assistant. These skills include, but are not limited to, intellectual, conceptual, integrative, and quantitative abilities.

Indicators include, but are not limited to, these examples:

1. Accurate and efficient reading skills (English language).

2. Demonstrate ability to measure, calculate, reason, analyze, integrate and synthesize information.

3. Comprehend the spatial relationships of structures (e.g. three-dimensional relationships)

4. Demonstrate ability to acquire, retain, assimilate and apply large amounts of complex, technical and detailed general medical, specific pathological, and non-medical information.

5. Demonstrate ability to synthesize and apply concepts and information from various disciplines in order to deliver appropriate technical support.

6. Demonstrate appropriate judgment in pathological cases, including planning, time management, extraction of critical information from review of medical charts and medical history and use of resources to obtain relevant information.

Motor and Sensory Function Technical Standard 

Demonstrate sufficient motor and sensory function to perform typical functions of a Pathologists’ Assistant, including, but not limited to, physical examinations of autopsies, assessment of surgical pathology specimens, tissue preparation and fixation techniques, and general functions that pertain to a career as a Pathologists’ Assistant.

Indicators include but are not limited to the following examples:

1. Functional and sufficient sensory capacity (visual, auditory, and tactile) to adequately perform a complete physical examination in autopsy cases and elicit information gained from proper use of examination tools and maneuvers.

2. Execute fine and gross motor movements with sufficient coordination, postural control, equilibrium and hand-eye coordination to safely participate in laboratory sessions, use standard medical/surgical instruments, assess cadavers, provide appropriate summary and findings, and participate in basic and advanced assistance of pathological diagnostic maneuvers and procedures.

3. Execute motor movements that demonstrate safety and efficiency in the various learning settings (i.e., classroom, laboratories, and clinical rotations, including appropriate negotiation of self in various clinical support environments).

4. Physical stamina sufficient to complete the rigorous course of didactic and clinical study, which may include prolonged periods of sitting, standing, and/or rapid ambulation.

5. Coordination of motor skills necessary to respond to “on-call” emergency situations quickly and appropriately.

Behavioral and Social Attributes Technical Standard

Demonstrate the behavioral and social attributes vital to participation in a professional program and service as a practicing professional PathologistsAssistant.

Indicators include but are not limited to the following examples:

1. Possess personal qualities that facilitate effective peer interactions (e.g., compassion, empathy, integrity, honesty, benevolence, confidentiality).

2. Possess the emotional health required for full utilization of mental faculties (including judgment, orientation, affect and cognition).

3. Ability to establish rapport and develop mature and effective professional relationships with faculty, professional peers, the public, and other members of the medical profession team.

4. Demonstrate impartial motives, attitudes and values in roles, functions, and relationships. Communicate and interact with, in a non-judgmental way, persons who differ from oneself and one’s beliefs in a variety of ways, including but not limited to gender, age, race, ethnicity, socio-economic status, culture, creed, military status, sexual orientation and identity, and religious or spiritual beliefs.

5. Ability to monitor and react appropriately to one’s own emotional needs and responses.

6. Display appropriate flexibility, adaptability, composure, and emotional stability during periods of high stress or uncertainty associated with didactic and clinical encounters and environments.

7. Ability to accurately follow oral and written directions with prompt completion of all responsibilities in the classroom and clinical setting.

8. Compliance with standards, policies and practices set forth in the program Handbook.

These standards will serve as pre-requisites for entrance, continuation, promotion, and graduation from the Pathologists’ Assistant program and students must be prepared to indicate their ability to meet these standards as a condition of acceptance and during registration for each semester.

Note that the use of an intermediary (a person trained to perform essential skills on behalf of the student) is not permitted.

EVMS must maintain the integrity of the curriculum and preserve those elements deemed essential to the education of a Pathologists’ Assistant and cannot compromise the health and safety of other students or health officials.  Pathologists’ Assistant applicants must be prepared to meet the technical standards, with or without reasonable accommodation, in order to complete the program and indicate possession of such ability prior to their matriculation into the program and during registration for each semester.

Inquiry by the program faculty and staff regarding disability is strictly prohibited. The Pathologists’ Assistant program, in accordance with EVMS policy and as delineated by federal and Virginia law, does not discriminate in admissions, educational programs or employment against any individual on the basis of that individual’s disability, and will make good faith efforts at providing reasonable accommodation as required. However the program reserves the right not to admit or register students who cannot meet the technical standards or who would constitute a direct threat to the health and safety or others.

The Pathologists’ Assistant program applicants or students who may have questions regarding these technical standards or who believe they may need to request reasonable accommodation in order to meet the standards are encouraged to contact the EVMS Disability Officer (Michael Solhaug, MD | 757.446.5638 | solhaumj@evms.edu).

Revealing a disability is voluntary; however, such disclosure is necessary before any accommodations may be made in the learning environment or in the program’s procedures. Information regarding disabilities is handled in a confidential manner.